Tableware and luxury pottery
Although we also find imported pieces, the prevailing pottery in Galicia during these centuries was very homogeneous both in its making and its shape and was associated to the kitchen environment. Traces of soot are often found on the surface of pottery. The excavation mainly uncovered four types of pottery:
- Grey pottery, its name comes from its colour and dates from the 11th century. There were also some painted containers with white decoration against a red or ochre background and some imported pottery as well as some Spanish-Muslin import. The homogeneity of this type of Galician pottery began to disappear by late 13th century and early 14th century and diversified on a social, geographical and functional way.
- We have also found pieces of a rough and dark appearance, where black or dark grey predominates. With time, it progressively replaced grey pottery and although similar patterns continued to be used, some elements suggest a greater variation in its production.
- Approaches to earthenware by local potters. They are characterised by their hardness and texture and they have a rough throwing, irregularities on their surface, small bubbles and holes, simple finishes, devoid of any decoration where grey colours combined with ochres and yellows dominate. This type of pottery has been up until recently little known but it has become increasingly frequent in sites from the 14th and 15th centuries in the area of Santiago. They provide evidence of a technical improvement in furnaces.
- Pottery made using scarcely consistent clays, with local and cheaper raw materials. It is associated to a rural or peri-urban world with little purchasing power.